types of trusses

Some of the most primary needs that a structure demands from a roof are protection from the weather, overall design compatibility with the existing structure, and housing of internal elements such as piping, electrical wiring, ventilation, insulation. Instead of having one king post in the center, this type of truss will have two queen posts that are connected by a straining beam. A very reliable, simple and versatile type of roof truss where you can use at any given time. The steeper the roof pitch is, the taller the attic ceiling will be. King post trusses are the simplest roofing truss. The varying designs, styles, and shapes of roofs exist and have been created to accommodate the needs of the structure they are covering. Attic trusses look similar to queen post trusses, but the two vertical posts are spaced further apart to allow for attic space. In contrast with the gabled roof, this roof shape is made of two planes slanting downwards toward each other to form a butterfly wing shape. Forms of Trusses 1. Pratt truss. Generally, there are two types of constructions of timber trusses. The planes are designed to slope downwards from the ridge at the top, at an angle determined by the size of the house. Fan Truss – for spans larger than the fink truss range. Horizontal along the spacing of the building. Sliding … The bottom chords of scissor trusses are sloped, creating the dramatic ceiling in the room below. Queen post trusses are similar to king post trusses in that they have a simple, yet sturdy design. The most common types of roofing systems used with flat roofs are rubber roofing systems. This roof truss design guide will discuss several of the most popular styles of decorative, feature roof trusses. And there’s good reason why trusses have become more popular - they’re cheaper, more convenient, and extremely versatile. Warren Truss. The gable truss serves as the ‘end cap’ for the roof. Roof Trusses can be said to be the skeleton of the roof. Queen post trusses are well-suited for larger residential projects. The gambrel style roof is most commonly used on barns. It is … Common uses: Residential home construction projects that require an attic or additional loft living space. Timber trusses perform the function of transferring the load from the roof through the walls to the foundation of a building. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Scissor trusses make it possible to create vaulted ceilings. After going through the list, I did not know that there were that many different kinds of trusses. GAF vs. CertainTeed asphalt shingles - Which is best for your roof? Another big advantage of truss systems is that they distribute the weight of the roof onto the exterior walls of the house, not the interior walls. A scissor truss provides for a vaulted ceiling in the same time frame as standard trusses. Traditionally, there are three main designs of trusses: king, queen and collar truss. According to HomeAdvisor, you can expect to spend anywhere between $30 to $400 per truss. Triangulation is the stable structure configuration and typically has a top chord, bottom chord, vertical chord, and diagonal chord members. This roof shape is similar to the flat roof; it only has a steeper slope to allow for better drainage. Most projects with larger span of around 10-15 meters uses this kind of truss. Click on the button below to get the PDF file and Read Offline. Point on a truss which top and bottom chord intersect. Our in-house truss design and manufacturing means no middle-man telling us what we need, which equals higher quality and better pricing for you. Scissor trusses can create vaulted cathedral ceilings. Parallel chord roof truss. Their main downside is the accumulation of materials on the roof, which requires regular maintenance. The butterfly roof is not a roof style that is widely used. Since the Area is quite large, I recommend the Huwe Truss. This type of roof is more difficult to construct when compared to flat roofs and gable roofs because they have a more complicated truss and rafter structure. Types of Trusses: The king post truss is mainly adopted for short spans (less than 6 m). They are also considered one of the most cost-effective roof trusses available, especially because they can span far distances. The information on our website is general in nature and is not intended as a substitute for competent legal, financial or electrical engineering advice. Summary. Working with an experienced architect or structural engineer is the best way to guarantee that you’ll find the right trusses for your home and meet your building code requirements. Their middle point of contact is fitted with a trough for rain water, eliminating the need for gutters like on normal roofs. It’s always been the last. Also called the shed roof, it is usually not attached to another roof. The position of the webbing allows for some storage space, and can accommodate things like water tanks if need be. Essentially, roof trusses create a roof’s frame. Common uses: Residential home construction, home additions. The chord size and web configuration are determined by span, load and spacing. The Roof also depend on its trusses for it shape. This is a mansard roof in reverse with the lower portion at a lower pitch than the upper portion. Much like the mansard, one plane of the roof has a distinct lower pitch than the other. Common uses: Home additions, garage construction, short-span projects. provide a cost-effective way to meet more stringent energy efficiency codes and improve the energy efficiency of your building envelope. Simple Truss: It is possible to create a simple truss by joining three bars together to form a triangle. 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