burma railway prisoners of war list

FANDOM. K and L medical forces left Changi in June and August 1943 for Thailand. Search Sign In Don't have an account? Includes his personal diaries. During World War Two the Japanese forced prisoners of war to build a 400km railway from Thailand to Myanmar (then Burma). Transported by train to Bampong, F Force then marched to Nieke, some 180 miles north and thence to Lower Songkurai. Prisoners in Changi were divided into forces to work on the railway in either Burma or Thailand. Our collection contains a wealth of material to help you research and find your connection with the wartime experiences of the brave men and women who served in Australia’s military forces. Burma Railway prisoners. Classic editor 10 am to 5 pm daily (except Christmas Day), Get your ticket to visit: awm.gov.au/visit. Rogers. D, F, H Forces and K and L Forces (Medical) left Changi in 1942-43 for Thailand. We hold: 1. some records of those held captive by German, Italian or Japanese forces 2. some questionnaires which may reveal personal information as well as details of experiences in the prisoner of war camps 3. some individual reports which may reveal details about capture or escape attempts from prisoners of war camps in central Europe 4. selected records of Merchant Navy prisoners of war 5. documents which reveal information about some prisoner of war camps 6. records of enquiries into mis… Nov 22, 2017 - Explore Andrew Gadsby's board "Burma Railway" on Pinterest. Sir Albert Ernest Coates. to be used by the Japanese Armed Forces in the occupied areas. Thailand - Burma Railway . Burma Railway prisoners. A Force sailed in the Celebes Maru on 15 May 1942 , from Singapore to Victoria Point, in Burma, where Green's battalion and some other groups (a total of 1,017) disembarked. Detailed daily record as a POW on the Burma end of the Burma Thai Railway. Register Military. [8th Division in Captivity - "D" Force (Thailand):] POW Camps, Thailand, Report on Kinsayok Camp and Hospital and Tarsau Base Hospital, 1943-1944. There followed three and a half years of captivity as prisoners of war, during which the Japanese treated our men abominably, particularly in the construction of the Thailand - Burma railway. Burma-Siam Railway list of prisoner of war work camps in Thailand during the construction of the death railway, with diagram. The majority of Australian prisoners from Changi and Java were sent to Thailand to assist in the building of the railway. We pay our respects to elders past and present. Lieutenant Colonel C. H. Kappe commanded the Australians. British Red Cross Records of Prisoners of War - how to apply for a record of a prisoner of war; Abbreviations - Military documents are full of acronyms. description Object description. Come and see why. Tens of thousands died during the construction and it … Prisoners of war from Java (Williams Force, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel J. M. Williams, and Black Force, including 593 Australians commanded by Lieutenant Colonel C. M. Black) travelled via Singapore and thence to Moulmein, arriving in Burma on 29-30 October 1942. Classic editor The Prisoner List is a compelling account of the experiences of a prisoner of the Japanese in WWII – from the humiliating defeat at Singapore, to forced labour on the Saigon docks and the horrors of life on the infamous Burma Railway. Roll of Honour for "F" Force Personnel-including cause of death, date of death, personal effects and list of awards/punishments, camp equipment and rations. This list will help you decipher their meanings. Mills (Captain, 2/10th Aust Fld Amb, AIF, POW). The Korean Arai Koei, also known as the ‘Boy Bastard’, was sentenced to death by hanging for his role in the ill-treatment of prisoners on the Burma side of the railway. These papers span most of Colonel Ramsay's military career, particularly covering his experiences commanding 2/30 Battalion in Malaya and Singapore and as a prisoner of the Japanese (when Ramsay commanded 2/18 Battalion, and No 1 Battalion "A" Force, also known as "Ramsay" Force, includes report on POW conditions (particularly in camps at Changi, Mergui, Tavoy and Tamarkan), letters and newspaper clippings regarding war crimes trials. The Burma-Siam railway, built by Commonwealth, Dutch and American prisoners of war, was a Japanese project driven by the need for improved communications to support the large Japanese army in Burma. A Force, 3,000-strong and commanded by Brigadier A. L. Varley, was the first Australian group to leave Singapore for Burma, on 14 May 1942. It was drawn principally from the 22nd Australian Brigade (Varley was promoted to Brigadier by Gordon Bennett in February 1942 and given command of this brigade), the 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion (under Major C. E. Green), and 2/30th Battalion (under Lieutenant Colonel G. E. Ramsay), with a medical group drawn mostly from the 2/4th Casualty Clearing Station (under Lieutenant Colonel T. Hamilton). Edit. In October 1942 survivors from the HMAS Perth were shipped to Singapore, and then to Burma. Most visited articles ... World War II prisoners of war held by Japan, Burmese people of World War II. The Australian War Memorial was voted the number one landmark in Australia by travellers in the 2016 Trip Advisor awards. Major A. L. Andrews commanded the AIF party of 3 officers and 70 other ranks included in L Force. Varley (Brigadier, MC, 22nd Aust Inf Bde and POW, Burma d: 1944). War Office: Japanese Registers of Allied Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees held in Camps in Singapore, Second World War Description: This series comprises three registers which record the names of some 13,500 allied prisoners of war and civilian internees of British and other nationalities. Show more. Kappe, February 1945 - Recording treatment of POW in Thailand. [8th Division in Captivity - "H" Force (Thailand):] "H" Force in Thailand. The notorious Burma-Siam railway, built by British, Australian, Dutch and American prisoners of war, was a Japanese project inspired by the need for improved communications to maintain the large Japanese army in Burma. Australian War Memorial P00406.026 and 122309. During the next six months, 40 per cent of "F" Force died from starvation, malnutrition, malaria, … McEachern 1942-1945. Jun 9, 2015 - Explore Samm Blake's board "Burma Thai Railway Prisoners of War - Historical Footage / Photos", followed by 2270 people on Pinterest. Most prisoners were returned to Changi and some were sent as technical workers to Japan between April and June 1944 to work in heavy industry. The Australian War Memorial acknowledges the traditional custodians of country. They were concentrated in Saigon before moving to Japan. Edit. However, this left Japanese ships susceptibl… During World War II almost 10,000 Australian prisoners of war worked on the construction of the Burma-Thailand Railway in appalling physical conditions. Glyn White (Includes: Force "L", 15 medical officers 100 other ranks; nominal roll of personnel Australian General Hospital selected for inclusion in Force "L"). Australian POWs. • The Prisoner List. The notorious Burma-Siam railway, built by British, Australian, Dutch and American prisoners of war, was a Japanese project inspired by the need for improved communications to maintain the large Japanese army in Burma. Robertson, left Java on board the Moji Maru ; they joined up with A Force on 17 January 1943. The notorious Burma-Siam railway, built by British, Australian, Dutch and American prisoners of war, was a Japanese project inspired by the need for improved communications to maintain the large Japanese Armv in Burma. D Force was also stationed at Kanburi, Tarsau and Konyu, where they worked on Hell Fire Pass. FANDOM. The “QUIET LION TOUR” embraces the story of the Burma-Thailand Railway and the experiences of POWs, particularly Australians, in the … Hellfire Pass Memorial Project The Australian Thai Chamber of Commerce coordinated arrangements for the design, construction and maintenance of … The cartoon bug appeared in press adverts and poster campaigns as a menace who encouraged shoppers to waste money rather than buy war savings certificates. The Japanese soldiers who were sentenced to death reacted in different ways. Popular pages. For help reading some of the Japanese records use the List of stamps, Symbols in Japanese in POW Cards created by the Dutch National Archive . Category page. Australian POWs. Construction of the notorious Hellfire Pass began in April 1943. During its construction, approximately 13,000 prisoners of war died and were buried along the railway. Background THAI-BURMA RAILWAY - Assorted maps of the TBR (poor image quality) Asst. In October 1942, 385 Australians, commanded by Major L.J. Describes executions, conditions, rations, illness, work and movements. We recognise their continuing connection to land, sea and, [8th Division in Captivity - "A" Force ( Burma ):] Reports on conditions, life and work of Prisoners of War in Burma and Siam by Brigadier C.A. Search Sign In Don't have an account? Use this login for Shop items, and image, film, sound reproductions, Australian prisoners of war: Second World War Prisoners of the Japanese, Burma Thailand Railway, Australian prisoners of war: Second World War - Prisoners of the Japanese, Burma-Thailand Railway, throughout Australia. Burma Railway - Burma Railway - Life on the Death Railway: Allied POWs experienced inhumane treatment and endured torture by Japanese forces. Category:Burma Railway prisoners | Military Wiki | Fandom. D Force (2,242-strong under Lieutenant Colonel C. A. McEachern) left Changi for Bampong in four groups between 14 and 18 March 1943. More than 12,000 Allied prisoners of war (POWs) and tens of thousands of forced labourers perished during its … Woods). [8th Division in Captivity - "F" Force (Thailand): ] History of "F"Force .1945-46. Tens of thousands died during the construction and it … Williams Force was based at Tanyin and Black Force at Beke Taung camp at Kilo 40. WAR Graves - Burma - Siam Railway. Not only were the long days of the POWs filled with harsh labour and punctuated by physical abuse, but also the prisoners were provided with grossly inadequate food. Such a railway had been desired by the British government in Burma in the mid-19th century. Major B. H. Anderson commanded K Force, including 5 medical officers and 50 other ranks. Following its completion, in October 1943, A Force returned to Singapore. WAR Graves - Burma - Siam Railway. 14 More recently, the story of disease and survival on the Thai-Burma Railway has been recounted in a companion volume Burma Railway Medicine. C.H. During the construction of the infamous 258-mile Burma railway, where prisoners were forced to work on the railroad which ran from Ban Pong in Thailand to Thanbyuzayat in Burma… Thailand - Burma Railway . Hand drawn coloured maps are included. The ‘Death Railway’ was very well named. Roy Mills' group of prisoners on the railway was part of "F" Force - 7000 debilitated prisoners constructing the middle section of the infamous railway as slave labour. [8th Division in Captivity - Changi and Singapore Island:] Appendix 1 History of "F" Force from Lieutenant Colonel Harris Commander, Report by Lieutenant Col C.H. This unpleasant-looking character is called the Squander Bug, and it was created during the Second World War by artist Phillip Boydell, an employee of the National Savings Committee. American troops and locals at the Dove Inn, Burton Bradstock, in Dorset, 1944. Depicts life on the Burma Railway. Moon, Tamarkan POW Hospital, December 1943, Burma Thailand sketch. Over 60,000 prisoners worked on its construction, the majority of whom were British, and some 20% died before release in 1945. Kappe, (Brigadier) OBE, 1900-1967. Dunlop Force, commanded by Colonel E. E. “Weary” Dunlop, arrived at Konyu, in Thailand, from Java in January 1943. During World War Two the Japanese forced prisoners of war to build a 400km railway from Thailand to Myanmar (then Burma). Notebook kept by Captain Harold Lord, regular officer in the RASC, whilst a Japanese prisoner of war working on the Burma - Thailand railway in 1943, listing neatly and chronologically the names of the British prisoners of war who worked on the railway, May - December 1943, together with the following information about each: rank, serial number, regiment, date of birth, home address, next-of-kin, religion, date on which arrived at the camp, and date of leaving because of illness (the type of illness is stated in each case) or, as in many cases, death. Add new page. Notebook kept by Captain Harold Lord, regular officer in the RASC, whilst a Japanese prisoner of war working on the Burma - Thailand railway in 1943, listing neatly and chronologically the names of the British prisoners of war who worked on the railway, May - December 1943, together with the following information about each: rank, serial number, regiment, date of birth, home address, next-of-kin, Experience as a POW in Burma and Thailand, general report on medical aspects of POW's treatment by Japanese, 1944. 6.2 Prisoners of war held in Singapore camps (1942-1945) Search for the names of some 13,500 allied prisoners of war and civilian internees held in Singapore camps (WO 367) on Findmypast (£). War Office: Japanese Registers of Allied Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees held in Camps in Singapore, Second World War Description: This series comprises three registers which record the names of some 13,500 allied prisoners of war and civilian internees of British and other nationalities. Short online film about prisoners of the Japanese during World War II. The railway was completed on 16 October 1943. The list contains over 1700 names and is particularly interesting as a record of the decimation, by disease or untreated wounds, of prisoners working on the Burma-Thailand railway. A.L. 278,386 Pages. Malcom, RAMC QR, Tamuang Camp Hospital. R.M. Malaya Prisoners of War. Medical Report by Maj A.A. Not only were the long days of the POWs filled with harsh labour and punctuated by physical abuse, but also the prisoners were provided with grossly inadequate food. Captain J. L. Hands commanded A battalion (337-strong), and the Dutch R battalion also came under Dunlop's command. Register Military. Dunlop Force was the first group of Australians to reach the southern end of the railway. Interview with E. E. Heckendorf of 2/30 Battalion and Prisoner of War by Hank Nelson, (S00763) deals with his experiences at Changi and working on the Thai section of the railway. Construction of the notorious Hellfire Pass began in April 1943. Oakes mentions a variety of Australian, British and Indian units and officers. Hospitals were established at Tanbaya, Tarsau, Kanburi, Nakom Paton and Tamuan. During the next six months, 40 per cent of "F" Force died from starvation, malnutrition, malaria, … H Force, including 600 Australians commanded by Lieutenant Colonel R. F. Oakes, left Changi on 5 May 1943. Roy Mills' group of prisoners on the railway was part of "F" Force - 7000 debilitated prisoners constructing the middle section of the infamous railway as slave labour. At the end of May, F Force was distributed among five main camps, with 1,800 Australians at Lower Songkurai, 393 at Upper Songkurai and 700 at Konkoita. The collection includes records from Changi prison where many of the prisoners were forced to work on the Thailand-Burma railway. In all, 9,500 Australian prisoners of war worked on the construction of the Burma-Thailand Railway, which ran from Bampong, Thailand, to Thanbyuzayat, Burma. Some 1,438 men of F Force did not return. Coates, Impressions of the Nakom Pakon Hospital, written at the request of the Japanese Imperial Army. F Force, a mixed Allied force including 3,662 Australians under Lieutenant Colonel S. W. Harris (18th British Division) left Changi for Thailand on 16 April 1943. Affidavits and sworn statements. Theatre programs from concerts held in Prisoner of War camps (3/16/47) and menus (13/4/34) are of great interest and highlight the courageous efforts which people make to maintain their self esteem, integrity and dignity. Reports of Japanese War Crime Trials and the peace treaty. Background One of the most notorious examples was the construction of the Burma or Death Railway. THAI-BURMA RAILWAY - Assorted maps of the TBR (poor image quality) Asst. Do you have 5 minutes to help us improve our website? Contains nominal rolls and paybook photographs searchable by name, theatre of war, unit, location of POW camp. In all, 479 Australian soldiers died on the Burma section of the railway. The surrender at Singapore on 15 February 1942 was the worst disaster ever to befall British arms. More commonly called the Burma or Thai-Burma Railway, it was a major project during Allied Far East imprisonment under the Japanese. [8th Division in Captivity - Other Thailand Forces:] Report on Kamburi staging camp by Maj E.A. Building commenced at each end of the railway. waters. During its construction, approximately 13,000 prisoners of war died and were buried along the railway. Records of Australian Military Forces prisoners of war and missing, Far East and South West Pacific Islands. After constructing airfields, A Force moved to Thanbyuzayat. 278,386 Pages. During World War II almost 10,000 Australian prisoners of war worked on the construction of the Burma-Thailand Railway in appalling physical conditions. Oakes' typescript account of the defence of Malaya and Singapore Island , treatment as POW, including Oakes time with "H" Force work and repatriation. 6.3 Hospital registers for prisoner of war camps in the Far East (1942-1947) The railway was completed on 16 October 1943 . George Ernest Ramsey. Australian War Memorial P00406.026 and 122309. American, British, Dutch, Australian, Canadian, Indian and other allied military and civilian They include both British prisoners of war and other nationalities. That year, the United States' War Department published, Burma-Siam Railway During World War II, the Japanese Armed Forces captured nearly 140,000 Allied military personnel (from Australia, Canada, Great Britain, India, Netherlands, New Zealand, and the United States) in the Southeast Asia and Pacific areas.They were forced to engage in the hard labour of constructing railways, roads, airfields, etc. Papers of Lt Col Sir Albert Coates relating mainly to his time as commander allied POW hospital Nakom Paton. Roland Frank Oakes (Lieutenant Colonel). It was divided into two battalions, each 450-strong: O battalion (commanded by Major H. G. Grenier) and P battalion (commanded by Major F. A. Popular pages. (Publisher) Photocopy. Your generous donation will be used to ensure the memory of our Defence Forces and what they have done for us, and what they continue to do for our freedom remains – today and into the future. Prisoners of war were also transported from Java. Add new page. See more ideas about prisoners of war, war, burma. From Bampong, they marched 140 kilometres north to Tarsau. Malaya Prisoners of War. The Burma Railway, also known as the Death Railway, the Burma-Siam Railway, the Thailand–Burma Railway and similar names, was a 415 kilometres (258 mi) railway between Bangkok, Thailand, and Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar), built by the Empire of Japan in 1943, to support its forces in the Burma campaign of World War II.The line was closed in 1947, but the section between Nong Pla … See more ideas about Burma railway, Prisoners of war, Burma. Building commenced at each end of the railway. list of prisoner of war work camps in Thailand during the construction of the death railway, with diagram, Prisoners of War Working on Thai-Burma Railway at Kanu Camp, Thailand 1943. Later, D Force moved to Hintok (to work on Pack of Cards Bridge), where McEachern took over the command of Dunlop Force. The papers of Sir Edward Ernest Dunlop include his military and prisoner of war experiences and related post-war concerns. At this point, the Japanese relied on sea transportation to provide supplies for troops stationed there. In 1942, the Japanese seized Burma and took control away from Britain. H Force joined D Force in cutting Hell Fire Pass; 179 men in H Force died. Altogether, 2,646 Australians died working on the railway. Diary/nominal rolls, records relating to Thai POWs at Thanbyuzat and Tamarkan. Burma Railway - Burma Railway - Life on the Death Railway: Allied POWs experienced inhumane treatment and endured torture by Japanese forces. War Crimes and trials. [8th Division in Captivity - "K" Force (Medical Force):] Report on "K' Force (Medical) 1945-1946. Most visited articles ... World War II prisoners of war held by Japan, Burmese people of World War II. Searchable by name and service number, various items. British Red Cross Records of Prisoners of War - how to apply for a record of a prisoner of war; Abbreviations - Military documents are full of acronyms. A.W. The notorious Burma-Siam railway, built by British, Australian, Dutch and American prisoners of war, was a Japanese project inspired by the need for improved communications to maintain the large Japanese Armv in Burma. Australian prisoners of war of the Japanese in World War II (registration required) Australian War Memorial - Search collection On the Thailand Railway by Harold Abbott From October 1942 to October 1943 the Japanese army forced about 60,000 Allied prisoners of war (POWs) — including 13,000 Australians and roughly 200,000 civilians, mostly Burmese and Malayans — to build a railway linking Thailand and Burma. The notorious Burma-Siam railway, built by Commonwealth, Dutch and American prisoners of war, was a Japanese project driven by the need for improved communications to support the large Japanese army in Burma. Ramsey's Force (1,000-strong) traveled to Mergui and the remainder continued to the Burma Peninsula near Tavoy. Some were returned to Singapore for shipping; others stayed at Saigon until the end of the war. Australian prisoners of war of the Japanese in World War II (registration required) Australian War Memorial - Search collection Category:Burma Railway prisoners | Military Wiki | Fandom. In all, 9,500 Australian prisoners of war worked on the construction of the Burma-Thailand Railway, which ran from Bampong, Thailand, to Thanbyuzayat, Burma . However, it would have been an incredibly tough undertaking due to the hilly jungle terrain – too difficult to even consider. The surrender at Singapore on 15 February 1942 was the worst disaster ever to befall British arms. A major oral history project of over 60 surviving ex-Far East POWs was carried out between 2007 and 2010, resulting in the book Captive Memories. Tributes are flowing for one of the last remaining Thai-Burma Railway survivors, Harold Martin, who has died aged 103. Hence (Captain) MBE. [8th Division in Captivity - Other Thailand Forces:] Reports by Lt Col A.E. The Prisoner List is a compelling account of the experiences of a prisoner of the Japanese in WWII – from the humiliating defeat at Singapore, to forced labour on the Saigon docks and the horrors of life on the infamous Burma Railway. These personnel were used as labourers in various hospitals along the railway. In 1942, the first of over 1.5 million American servicemen arrived on British shores in preparation for the Allied offensives against Germany during the Second World War. Altogether, 2,646 Australians died working on the railway. Category page. On 6th December 1948 an expedition consisting of an officer, one Siamese interpreter, two police guards, one cook and one general duties coolie, left Kanburi for Takanun by motor boat. This list will help you decipher their meanings. There followed three and a half years of captivity as prisoners of war, during which the Japanese treated our men abominably, particularly in the construction of the Thailand - Burma railway. Places of Pride, the National Register of War Memorials, is a new initiative designed to record the locations and photographs of every publicly accessible memorial across Australia. [8th Division in Captivity - Other Thailand Forces:] Medical report of 800 Prisoners of War, March from Nakom Naiyoke to Pitsanloke, May 1945. Report on Base Hospital Kanchanburi by Lt Col J.W. The force eventually moved to Hintok. On 6th December 1948 an expedition consisting of an officer, one Siamese interpreter, two police guards, one cook and one general duties coolie, left Kanburi for Takanun by motor boat. Sir Edward "Weary" Dunlop. Official records held by the Memorial include: Private records held by the Memorial include: Books held in the Research Centre include: Published unit histories may also contain information, photographs and nominal rolls of POWs. 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